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Nitrogen Fixing Trees for Fodder Production

Proceedings of an International Workshop, 1995

Contents

Foreword                                                                                                              iii
Acknowledgments                                                                                                  iv
Inaugural address                                                                                                   ix
    S.K. Dorge

Part 1. Potential of Nitrogen Fixing Trees for Fodder Production

The potential of nitrogen fixing trees in livestock production systems ……………………….............….......    1
    R.C. Gutteridge
Tree fodder: a rich source of nutrients for animal production…………………………………...…......…..    17
    V. S. Upadhyay
A review of ICRAF work with fodder trees in Africa………............…………………………….....……..    24
    R.T. Paterson, B.H. Dxowela, E. Akyeampong, A.I. Niang, and R.M. Otsyina

Part 2. Fodder Production with Nitrogen Fixing Trees

Management of nitrogen fixing trees in forage forestry production systems………………….…................    36
    A.S. Gill
Biomass yield and nutrient turnover of six nitrogen fixing trees and shrubs in Papua New
Guinea……………………………………………………………………………………….................……        40
    Bire K. Bino
Evaluation of Gliricidia provenances based n utilization priorities……..................………………........…        46
    I.P. Wickramasinghe and H.P.M. Gunasena
Growth performance of nitrogen fixing trees species in Papua New Guinea………….................…....…        55
    T. Nevenimo and B. Bino
Nitrogen fixing trees for fodder in Xieng Khouang Providence, Laos: potential and
constraints ……………………………………………………………………………………...................        65
    Soulivahn Novaho
A correlation and regression study of green leaf fodder production in young Acacia nilotica
(L.) under rainfed conditions………………………………………………………………............…....…        68
    N.N. Pathak, P.N. Nigam, and D.P. Nema

Part 3. Nitrogen Fixing Fodder Trees for Difficult Sites

Nitrogen fixing fodder trees for degraded and problematic lands……………………………..…......................    73
    J.C. Dagar
Dry matter yield and feeding value of leguminous shrub species grown in the marginal lands
of central Sri Lanka………………………………………………………………………….…..…...................    82
    A.N.F. Perera
Fodder value of four salt-tolerant Australian Acacias………………………………………...…......................    92
    N.E. Marcar
The role of nitrogen fixing trees in forage production systems of dryland small farmers of
East Nusa Tenggara……………………………………………………………………….….….....................    102
    P.K. Mutty
Performance of fodder trees on an entisol of Chhattisgarh Region………………………..…..…...................    110
    Sunil Puri and M.N. Naugraiya

Part 4. Agroforestry Systems with Nitrogen Fixing Fodder Trees

Management of nitrogen fixing trees in agroforestry systems for fodder production………….................…    116
A.S. Gill, R. Deb Roy, and C.K. Bajpai
A sustainable development program in the Philippines………………………………………............…..........    120
    M.G.A. Ejercito
Agroforestry systems with nitrogen fixing trees for sustainable fodder production in the 
drylands of Andhra Pradesh…………………………………………………………………..…...................    125
    G. Bheemaiah, M.V.R. Subrahmanyam, and Syed Ismail
Fodder trees species preferred by some ecological farmers in South India…………………..….......….......    131
    X.A. Francis and Mans Lanting
Integration of nitrogen fixing trees in different farming systems of submontaneous areas through 
on-farm applied research………………………………………………………………….…….....................    136
    H.S. Thind, S.S. Bawa, and H.S. Sur
A preliminary trial of mixed cropping Sesbania with groundnut in the char lands of northeast 
Bangladesh……………………………………………………………………………………........................    141
    Narayan C. Basak
Fodder production potential of leucaena hedgerows on an alfisol and a vertisol in the semi-arid tropics………………………………………………………………………………………..…......................    146
    G.R. Korwar
Nitrogen fixing trees in a fodder development program in Orissa…………………………….......................    154
    Tony Oude Hengel
Fodder from trees in agroforestry for optimizing animal production……………………..................…..…...    160
    P.S. Pathak

Part 5. Nutritive Value of and Feeding Trials with Nitrogen Fixing Fodder Trees

Use of nitrogen fixing trees as fodder for cattle in Sri Lanka……………………………...............….....…..    161
    M. de S. Liyanage
Comparison of groundnut hay, sesame seed cake, Leucaena leucocephala, and Gliricidia sepium
as protein sources for rams………………………………………………………….……........................…    170
    Omar N’Jai
Pods of leguminous trees for cattle feed in Zambia……………………………………….….......................    181
    Roland Lesseps and Tapson Chipanda
The role of fodder trees in agroforestry systems in Venezuela…………………………….......................…    187
    Eduardo Escalamte
A study on the growth of Deccani lambs fed on leguminous tree lopping and pods…………......................    193
    R.B. Walujkar, M.S. Deshpande, and D.G. Ramashe
Invitro digestibility and nutritive value of the leaves of native, naturalized, and recently introduced 
tree species to Jamaica………………………………………………………………...............…............…    196
    J.M. Roshetko, D.O. Lantagne, and M.A. Gold
Potential use of leguminous tree leaves as forage in Bangladesh…………………..…………......................    205
    M.R. Alam

Part 6. Genetic Improvement of Nitrogen Fixing Fodder Trees

Genetic improvement of introduced nitrogen fixing trees for fodder………………………….....................    212
    J.L. Stewart
Genetic improvement of Prosopis cineraria………………………………………………...........................    227
    K.R. Solanki
Evaluation of Leucaena species for biomass production and psyllid resistance……………........................    234
    H.P.M. Gunasena, A.J. Simons, and I.P. Wickramasinghe

Part 7. Overview of Nitrogen Fixing Trees

Nitrogen fixing trees species research……………………………………….……………....................    244
    D.N. Tewari
Workshop participants……………………………………………………………............................    257